Nature - Fuel from just sun, air & water!
The lies must stop, NOW!
When I was a very young child (UK early 1950’s), there was the odd business that still considered a horse and cart, as being a viable means of transport. There were still a few steam powered threshing machines resisting the momentum of the combine-harvester. There were buildings in the industrial cities still black from the consequences of the industrial revolution. London was referred to as the ‘Big Smoke’. As I grew, so did the technology that changed those things forever.
The evolution and capability of the human animal is staggering in its trajectory. Science and technology has taken us to the Moon, and now other planets are realistically within reach. Incredible discoveries enabled by scientific development, then utilised by industry, have created much of the lifestyle you live today. You could say science and technical development became the goose that lays golden eggs. ‘Profit’ is after all, a reasonable expectation. The by-product of these incredible advancements is that while you are taking the golden eggs, you feed the ‘super goose’ fossil fuels and let it fart and belch toxic gases into the atmosphere with a naïve belief that our atmosphere has an infinite capacity to absorb them without harm.
Meanwhile scientific evidence told you, for example; lead in petrol was having a radically negative effect on your mentality. The vested interests, presented their own ‘evidence’ to governments – accompanied by generous political donations – everything’s fine, nothing to worry about! You were being lied to!
It was only when the evidence became overwhelming and the public insisted it was obviously affecting our health - especially for young children living near busy highways and junctions - that lead poison effects could no longer be denied. Science delivered the evidence, governments reluctantly made decisions – lead in petrol was deemed environmentally unacceptable. I’ll assume, like me, you believe this to be an absolute truth. If you still need convincing a short version of the truth can be found at: http://www.bbc.com/news/business-40593353 if you can cope with knowing that killing millions for profit is OK in western democracies if political donation are part of the deal, read: https://www.thenation.com/article/secret-history-lead/ then scream and weep, because you, me and our entire generation have been seriously affected - believe it or not!!
For reference: The perfect octane raising additive to replace lead in petrol/gasoline is ethanol. Ethanol It's cheap, you don't need to dig for it, and it's not poison. The problem is, it's exactly the same stuff as beverage alcohol and people have been making it for thousand of years! Anyone can make it, so you can't patent it and make $ Billions. So some hydrocarbons are used instead such as toluene, xylene and benzine, all of which are highly toxic and carcinogenic, even before combustion!
Science then told you that Co2, toxic gasses and particulate matter emitted by transport and industry was having devastating effects on plants, animals, human species, and the very nature of the atmosphere itself. In fact we are now seeing the tragic effects, as predicted - but still venal governments and vested interests are in denial!
Denial is so easy when you’re sitting pretty! In fact, you are being lied to!
The fact is, profit becomes deeply immoral when it is known to be at the expense of ‘life’.
Science now tells you we have gone too far, the goose that lays the golden eggs has belched and farted way too much and the planet is about to die from the stench! Amazingly, there are still those who don’t believe it!
I guess you can believe what you like. I could say; I really don’t care, I don’t have children and I’ll see maybe another 15 years if I’m lucky, so why should I care? Well, I do care, I care most for the innocent by-standers, the ‘collateral damage’ - that is: the magical planet that created life – the real goose, the plants and animals, which evolved ‘as nature intended’ - until the human animal evolved and the ‘material goose’ – industry and the wheels, propellers and wings of commerce – took over and dominated.
Help! We need a solution!
One thing is for sure, we can’t turn the clock back. Our expectations are high and we can’t simply go back to manpower and horses. We can’t change overnight – but we can change rationally if we do actually care about the future.
The long term solution is: you need to change the goose’s diet! You must wean it off fossil fuels and onto a healthy natural diet!
Unlike ‘Big Coal’, ‘Big Oil’ stands a chance of survival. Despite still inducing the ‘political parties’ in power, to supporting prolonging their primary business model, the smart oil companies are dipping their toes into alternative low, to net-zero-carbon fuels. Pressure, from the big corporations that understand their responsibilities and can go direct to alternative fuel sources, is beginning to force their hand. Bio and renewable fuels remain the obvious transition fuel solution, as electric and hydrogen options evolve further and dominate in on-road’ applications. But it is clear that the continuing liquid fuel developments will ultimately enable the internal combustion engines to operate virtually emission free – and as such, they will remain the obvious choice for the smaller marine application.
Rest assured, boats will be powered by internal combustion engines for many years yet!
Many significant entities including major airlines, shipping companies, naval fleets, road transport fleets and ‘professional’ motorsports, are acknowledging their responsibilities and transitioning to bio and renewable fuels. Amazingly, there are still some ‘venal’ western governments (political parties) who, rather than governing in your interests, continue to encourage fossil fuels.
You know the lies must stop, NOW!
This GM base marine engine is used by several marine engine brands. The GM specification states 'Fuel: unleaded or E85'. This fact is not stated by the marine brands!
Modern stepped hulls are more efficient. Manifesting as higher speed with the same power - or maintaining same speed with less power.
Many marine diesels are now 100% 'renewable' or 'bio' fuel compatible!
Direct injection two strokes, a massive step forward!
The Australian 'Supercar' champonship runs on E85 biofuel.
These are the guys we must protect - they can't vote, can they trust you? (Beach Stone Curlews.)
Before and After
Several factors affect coral health - but bleaching on The Great Barrier Reef has accelerated dramatically and directly in step with rising water temperature.
Fuel: Just Sun, Air and Water!
This is not boring – trust me! But I want to give you a very brief and simple science/biology refresher, because it will really help in understanding the truth here.
Plants use water (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2) and photons (light energy) to grow - trapping the carbon from the CO2. But you knew that!
Oil fossil fuels, are concentrations of plant, algae and small animal carbon laid down (trapped) hundreds of millions of years ago. The by-product of burning them to extract the energy now, is that the CO2 (among other toxins) is released, which ‘unbalances’ the present atmosphere.
Now, rather than releasing carbon trapped millions of years ago, into the present atmosphere, biofuels present the option of using ‘plant’ carbon tomorrow, that was trapped ‘today’ (OK, a few months ago) therefore, keeping the CO2 balance. By default, biofuels also release less CO2 and far less toxins (nitrous oxides, particulates, etc.).
When engines are optimised to run on bio/renewable fuels, they also perform much better, remain cleaner with much reduced carbon build-up internally, and last longer. And of course, theys won’t try to kill you, run out, pollute oceans, cause wars, etc.!
This is pretty basic scientific fact – it is the consequences of excess CO2 that are debated, and which you may, or may not, believe.
Energy production is a natural plant process, sugars are the carbon store we can ‘borrow’ from plants today to eat and use for fuel. Breathing and exhausting it back into the atmosphere tomorrow keeps the balance.
The carbon stored in the earth’s crust, is carbon-dioxide absorbed by vegetation, algae and small animals, hundreds of millions of years ago and laid down to become coal and oil. In fact, that process, over millions of years, eventually created the carbon/oxygen balance in our atmosphere that supports the oxygen breathing life (animals and you) that exists today.
A century or two of releasing this ancient carbon is ruining the balance and the consequences are now becoming inescapable.
Too much Co2. So What?
Radiation from the sun reaches the earth in very short wavelengths which easily penetrate the atmosphere (solar radiation) and present the earth with the baseline temperature – not too little, not too much. Earth radiates energy back into the atmosphere (terrestrial radiation). The problem is, earth being so much cooler than the sun, it radiates long waves. Long waves don’t easily penetrate the atmosphere, in fact some are reflected back and scattered by water vapour (clouds) but far more is reflected by the atmospheric CO2 layer. This balanced exchange of radiation is key to the heat/cool balance which keeps the earth’s temperature within the range habitable for life on earth. It is also key to the way the balance of our weather patterns have evolved - the extreme heat in the equatorial region and the extreme cold in the polar regions.
So imagine what happens when the CO2 layer is increased! The balance is upset, particularly the heat/cool balance. The consequence, just as we have been warned, is extreme temperature variations, extreme weather events - and a slow but sure overall (global) warming.
Incidentally, if you need proof of the long wave/short wave science, walk into a greenhouse. Glass allows short wave energy to pass freely but restricts long wave energy. Again it’s scientific fact – which you may or may not believe. Think about your Granny putting something over her plants when there’s a threat of frost – same reason, retaining a little terrestrial radiation. Smart cookie your granny!
A bigger problem facing humanity right now, is the odd phenomena of the ‘what I want to believe, bubble’ (aka, Fox News myopia), which, for example, allows fossil fuel propaganda to pass through to the brain easily – while scientific facts are blocked!
Hang in there big boy, we need you!
Green turtle gender is dependent on the temperature of the sand in which the eggs hatch. They cannot adapt (evolve) at the same rate as the present rate of global warming, the consequence being that the male/female ratio has steadily altered to the point where male hatchings are now almost zero!
This is just one graphic example of how rapid climate change affects the natural world.